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Friday, June 16, 2017

U.S. Census Bureau 2017 Facts of Americans With Disabilities

On July 26, 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed into law the Americans with Disabilities Act, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodations, commercial facilities, telecommunications, and state and local government services.

This Facts for Features provides a demographic snapshot of the U.S. population with a disability and examines various services available to them. The statistics come from various Census Bureau censuses and surveys, covering differing periods of time

PROVIDED BY U.S. Census Bureau   June, 2017                                                                      
Population Distribution
56.7 millionThe number of people in the United States with a disability in 2010, representing 19.0 percent of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. People with a disability have a physical or mental impairment that affects one or more major life activities, such as walking, bathing, dressing, eating, preparing meals, doing errands alone or doing housework. A disability can occur at birth or at any point in a person's life.
Source: Americans With Disabilities: 2010

15.7 millionThe number of people age 65 and older with at least one disability, according to data collected from 2008 to 2012, which makes up 39.0 percent of the population in this age group. Of this group, two-thirds had difficulty in walking or climbing stairs. The second-most cited disability was difficulty with independent living, such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping.
Source: Older Americans With a Disability: 2008-2012
www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2014/acs/acs-29.pdf

19.4%The percentage of the civilian noninstitutionalized population in West Virginia in 2015 with a disability — the highest rate of any state in the nation. Utah, at 9.9 percent, had the lowest rate.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table S1810 http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/GCT1810.US01PR

28.7%The percentage of the civilian noninstitutionalized population in Pike County, Ky., in 2015 with a disability — among the highest rate in the nation for counties with populations of 65,000 or more. Kendall County, Ill., at 4.9 percent, had among the lowest rate.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table S1810 http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/GCT1810.US05PR

22.4%The percentage of the civilian noninstitutionalized population in Flint, Mich., in 2015 with a disability — among the highest rate in the nation among places with populations of 65,000 or more. Fishers, Ind., at 3.5 percent, had among the lowest rate. A place is a city, town, village or borough, either legally incorporated or not.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table GCT1810 http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/GCT1810.US13PR
  





































Services for Those With Disabilities
2,833The number of business establishments providing special needs transportation in 2012, up 20.7 percent from 2,347 in 2007. Such businesses may use specially equipped vehicles to provide passenger transportation. These businesses employed 61,605 people in 2012 and generated revenues of $3.5 billion. Employment was up 24.0 percent and revenues increased 27.7 percent since 2007.
Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 485991)
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/48A2//naics~485991

14,060The number of business establishments that provided pet care (except veterinary services) in 2012. These businesses generated revenues of $3.4 billion. Among these businesses are those that train assistance dogs.
Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 812910)http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/81A2//naics~812910

25,964The number of business establishments primarily providing services for the elderly and persons with disabilities in 2012. These establishments provided for the welfare of these individuals in such areas as day care, nonmedical home care or homemaker services, social activities, group support and companionship. These businesses employed 901,359 workers and generated $34.1 billion in revenues. In 2015, these businesses generated $40.7 billion in revenues.
Sources:
2012 Comparative-Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 624120)
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/62A2//naics~62412
2015 Service Annual Survey (NAICS 624120)
www.census.gov/services/index.html, Table 2

7,832The number of business establishments providing vocational rehabilitation services in 2012. These businesses employed 312,659 people and generated revenues of $12.4 billion. In 2007, there were 7,631 such establishments, employing 303,713 people and producing revenues of $11.5 billion. These businesses provide job counseling, job training and work experience to people with disabilities.
Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 624310)http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/62A2//naics~624310

2,344The number of business establishments providing translation and interpretation services in 2012. These businesses employed 24,926 people and generated revenues of $4.2 billion. In 2007, there were 1,975 such establishments, employing 14,546 people and producing revenues of $1.9 billion. Among these businesses are those that provide sign language services.
Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 541930)http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/54A2//naics~541930

3,597The number of business establishments providing home health equipment rental in 2012, down 4.4 percent from 3,762 in 2007. Such businesses rent home-type health and invalid equipment, such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, oxygen tanks, etc. These businesses employed 33,935 people in 2012 and generated revenues of $5.4 billion. Employment was up 2.8 percent while revenues decreased 7.8 percent since 2007.
Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 532291)http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/53A2//naics~532291

Specific Disabilities
Note: All statistics in this section come from the 2015 American Community Survey, measuring the civilian noninstitutionalized population. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/S1810

10.8 millionThe number of people age 18 and older in 2015 who reported being deaf or having significant difficulty hearing. Among the population age 65 and older, 6.9 million reported being deaf or having significant difficulty hearing.

6.8 millionThe number of people age 18 and older in 2015 who had serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses. Among people age 65 and older, 3.0 million had serious difficulty seeing.

20.6 million The number of people age 18 and older in 2015 who had serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs. Among people age 65 and older, 10.5 million had serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs.

12.9 million The number of people age 18 and older in 2015 who had serious difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions due to a physical, mental or emotional condition. Among people age 65 and older, 4.2 million had serious difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions.

14.2 millionThe number of people age 18 and older in 2015 who had difficulty doing errands alone, such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping, due to a physical, mental or emotional condition. Among people age 65 and older, 6.9 million had difficulty doing errands alone.

7.5 million The number of people age 18 and older in 2015 who had difficulty dressing or bathing. Among people age 65 and older, 3.8 million had difficulty dressing or bathing.

Older People With a Disability
Note: The source for this section is Older Americans With a Disability: 2008-2012, which presents statistics from the 2008-2012 American Community Survey.

25.4%The percentage of the population age 85 and older with a disability among the population age 65 and older.

More Than One-ThirdThe proportion of people age 85 and older with a disability who lived alone, is about one-fourth of those aged 65 to 74.

54.4%The percentage of the older population who had not graduated from high school and had a disability, twice the rate of those with a bachelor's degree or higher (26.0 percent).

12.6%The percentage of older Americans living in a household with a disability living in poverty, compared with 7.2 percent of the older household population without a disability.

Earnings
$21,572The median earnings in the past 12 months for people with a disability. This is 69.0 percent of the median earnings, $31,872, for those without a disability. (Both figures pertain to the civilian, noninstitutionalized population age 16 and older, with earnings in the past 12 months.)
Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table B18140
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/B18140

Mobility
Note: The source for the statistics in this section is Desire to Move and Residential Mobility: 2010-2011, which come from the Survey of Income and Program Participation.

12.5%The percentage of householders with a disability who desired to move to another residence, higher than the corresponding figure of 8.2 percent for those without a disability. Those with mental disabilities were the most likely to desire to move (20.6 percent).

17.3%The percentage of householders with a disability who desired to move to another residence and actually did so over a one-year period.

9.3%The percentage of all householders with a disability who moved to another residence over a one-year period.

Editor's note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines.

https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2012/demo/p70-131.pdf

1 comment:

Jim Chud said...

Wow, these numbers are stunning, in light of the World Health Organization's estimates that at present 1 in 7 people worldwide live with disabilities and by 2020, that will increase to 1 in 5 or 20%. Of course, that is both worldwide, and I would assume includes a ton of assumptions since reporting is so varied in different parts of the world. Either way, being ahead of the curve is not great news, and only means we have to do that much more to address the issues in America. I am new to following this blog, and I love it. It's been my experience throughout my career that the more people who know about problems, the more attention to solving those problems exists. Things that are watched, either improve or if they are with a business providing ineffective services, they cease to exist.

I welcome comments and questions - I am in process of starting non-profit at jimchud@advanceabilities.com - and am trying to sort out the email connections with Google +.